Ip Adilesi Yanga Ndi Chiyani

Mutha kudziwa adilesi yanu ya IP yapagulu, dziko ndi omwe akukupatsani intaneti ndi chida changa cha IP. Kodi IP adilesi ndi chiyani? Kodi adilesi ya IP imachita chiyani? Dziwani apa.

100.25.42.211

IP Adilesi Yanu

Kodi IP adilesi ndi chiyani?

Maadiresi a IP ndi ma adilesi apadera omwe amazindikiritsa zida zolumikizidwa pa intaneti kapena netiweki yakomweko. Ndi mtundu wa manambala angapo. Ndiye, kodi "chingwe" ndi chiyani kwenikweni? IP mawu; kwenikweni amakhala ndi zoyamba za mawu Internet Protocol. Internet Protocol; Ndi mndandanda wamalamulo omwe amawongolera momwe data imatumizidwa pa intaneti kapena pa intaneti.

ma adilesi a IP; Ilo lagawidwa pawiri wamba ndi zobisika. Mwachitsanzo, mukalumikiza intaneti kuchokera kunyumba, modemu yanu ili ndi IP yapagulu yomwe aliyense atha kuwona, pomwe kompyuta yanu ili ndi IP yobisika yomwe imasamutsidwa ku modemu yanu.

Mutha kudziwa adilesi ya IP ya kompyuta yanu ndi zida zina pofunsa. Inde, chifukwa cha funso la adilesi ya IP; Mutha kuwonanso opereka chithandizo cha intaneti omwe mwalumikizidwa ndi netiweki yomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito. Ndizotheka kufunsa adilesi ya IP pamanja, komano, pali zida zopangidwira ntchitoyi.

Kodi IP adilesi ikutanthauza chiyani?

Maadiresi a IP amasankha kuchokera ku chipangizo chomwe uthengawo umapita pa netiweki. Lili ndi malo a deta ndipo limapangitsa kuti chipangizocho chipezeke poyankhulana. Zipangizo zolumikizidwa ndi intaneti, makompyuta osiyanasiyana, ma routers ndi mawebusayiti amayenera kulekanitsidwa wina ndi mnzake. Izi zimatheka ndi ma adilesi a IP ndipo zimapanga mfundo yofunikira pakugwiritsa ntchito intaneti.

Kwenikweni "adilesi ya ip ndi chiyani?" Funso likhoza kuyankhidwanso motere: IP; Ndi nambala yozindikiritsa ya zida zolumikizidwa pa intaneti. Chida chilichonse cholumikizidwa ndi intaneti; kompyuta, foni, piritsi ali ndi IP. Chifukwa chake, amatha kupatukana wina ndi mnzake pa intaneti ndikulumikizana wina ndi mnzake kudzera pa IP. Adilesi ya IP imakhala ndi manambala angapo olekanitsidwa ndi madontho. Ngakhale IPv4 imapanga ma IP achikhalidwe, IPv6 imayimira makina atsopano a IP. IPv4; Zimangotengera ma adilesi a IP ozungulira 4 biliyoni, omwe ndi osakwanira masiku ano. Pachifukwa ichi, ma seti 8 a IPv6 okhala ndi manambala 4 a hexadecimal apangidwa. Njira iyi ya IP imapereka ma adilesi okulirapo a IP.

Mu IPv4: Magawo anayi a manambala akupezeka. Seti iliyonse imatha kutenga mitengo kuchokera pa 0 mpaka 255. Chifukwa chake, ma adilesi onse a IP; Zimachokera ku 0.0.0.0 mpaka 255.255.255.255. Maadiresi ena ali ndi zophatikizira zosiyanasiyana munjira iyi. Kumbali ina, mu IPv6, yomwe ili yatsopano, mawonekedwe a adilesiyi amatenga mawonekedwe awa; 2400:1004:b061:41e4:74d7:f242:812c:fcfd.

Makompyuta omwe ali pa intaneti (Domain Name Servers - Domain Name Server(DNS)) amasunga chidziwitso cha dzina lachidabwibwi lofanana ndi IP adilesi. Kotero pamene wina alowetsa dzina lachidziwitso mu msakatuli, amatsogolera munthuyo kumaadiresi olondola. Kukonzekera kwa magalimoto pa intaneti kumadalira mwachindunji ma adilesi a IP awa.

Kodi mungapeze bwanji adilesi ya IP?

Limodzi mwamafunso omwe amafunsidwa pafupipafupi ndilakuti "Kodi mungapeze bwanji adilesi ya IP?" Njira yosavuta yopezera adilesi ya IP ya rauta ndi "Kodi IP yanga" pa Google? Google iyankha funso ili pamwamba pomwe.

Kupeza adilesi yobisika ya IP kumadalira nsanja yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito:

mu Browser

  • Chida cha "IP address yanga ndi chiyani" patsamba la softmedal.com chimagwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Ndi chida ichi, mutha kudziwa adilesi yanu ya IP mosavuta.

pa Windows

  • Command prompt imagwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Lembani "cmd" lamulo m'munda wosakira.
  • M'bokosi lomwe likuwoneka, lembani "ipconfig".

Pa MAC:

  • Pitani ku zokonda zadongosolo.
  • Maukonde amasankhidwa ndipo zambiri za IP zimawonekera.

pa iPhone

  • Pitani ku zoikamo.
  • Wi-Fi yasankhidwa.
  • Dinani "i" mu bwalo pafupi ndi netiweki yomwe muli.
  • Adilesi ya IP imapezeka pansi pa tabu ya DHCP.

Komanso, ngati mukufuna kupeza adilesi ya IP ya munthu wina; chophweka pakati pa njira zina; Ndilo lamulo mwamsanga njira pa Windows zipangizo.

  • Dinani batani la "Enter" mutakanikiza makiyi a Windows ndi R nthawi imodzi ndikulemba lamulo la "cmd" m'munda wotsegulidwa.
  • Pazenera lomwe likuwoneka, lembani lamulo la "ping" ndi adilesi ya tsamba lomwe mukufuna kuwona, kenako dinani batani la "Enter". Kupatula apo, mutha kufikira adilesi ya IP ya tsamba lomwe mudalemba adilesi yake.

Kodi mungafufuze bwanji IP?

Kuti mudziwe komwe kuli adilesi ya IP, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njira ya "ip query". Zotsatira zofunsira; amapereka mzinda woyenera, dera, zip code, dzina ladziko, ISP, ndi nthawi.

Ndizotheka kuphunzira okhawo omwe amapereka chithandizo ndi dera kuchokera ku adilesi ya IP, yomwe ingatchedwe malo enieni a adiresi. Ndiko kuti, adilesi yakunyumba siyipezeka bwino ndi ma IP ma code. Ndi adilesi ya IP ya tsamba, zitha kudziwika kuchokera kudera lomwe limalumikizana ndi intaneti; koma simungapeze malo enieni.

Pali masamba ambiri komwe mungafunse IP. Chida cha "IP address yanga" pa Softmedal.com ndi chimodzi mwa izo.

Kodi mungasinthe bwanji adilesi ya IP?

Funso lina lomwe limafunsidwa kawirikawiri ndi "momwe mungasinthire adilesi ya ip?" ndi funso. Izi zitha kuchitika m'njira zitatu.

1. Sinthani IP ndi lamulo mu Windows

Dinani batani loyambira.

  • Dinani pa Thamangani.
  • Lembani "cmd" lamulo mu bokosi lotsegulidwa ndikusindikiza Enter.
  • Lembani "ipconfig / kumasula" pawindo lomwe limatsegula ndikusindikiza Enter. (makonzedwe a IP omwe alipo amamasulidwa chifukwa cha ntchito).
  • Chifukwa cha njirayi, seva ya DHCP imakupatsirani adilesi yatsopano ya IP ku kompyuta yanu.

2. Kusintha kwa IP kudzera pa kompyuta

Mutha kusintha adilesi yanu ya IP pakompyuta m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Njira yodziwika kwambiri; Virtual Private Network (Virtual Private Network) ndikugwiritsa ntchito VPN. VPN imabisala intaneti ndikukupatsirani njira kudzera pa seva pamalo omwe mwasankha. Chifukwa chake zida zapaintaneti zimawona adilesi ya IP ya seva ya VPN, osati adilesi yanu yeniyeni ya IP.

Kugwiritsa ntchito VPN kumakupatsani malo otetezeka, makamaka poyenda, kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti yapagulu ya Wi-Fi, kugwira ntchito kutali, kapena kufuna zinsinsi. Pogwiritsa ntchito VPN, ndizothekanso kupeza malo omwe atsekedwa kuti apeze mayiko ena. VPN imakupatsani chitetezo komanso chinsinsi.

Kukhazikitsa VPN;

  • Lowani ndi wopereka VPN yemwe mwasankha ndikutsitsa pulogalamuyi.
  • Tsegulani pulogalamuyi ndikusankha seva m'dziko lanu.
  • Ngati mugwiritsa ntchito VPN kuti mupeze mawebusayiti otsekedwa, onetsetsani kuti dziko lomwe mwasankha ndiloletsedwa.
  • Tsopano muli ndi adilesi ya IP yatsopano.

3. Kusintha kwa IP kudzera pa modemu

General IP mitundu; ogawanika kukhala static ndi dynamic. Static IP imakhazikika nthawi zonse ndikulowetsedwa pamanja ndi woyang'anira. Dynamic IP, kumbali ina, imasinthidwa ndi mapulogalamu a seva. Ngati IP yomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito siimakhazikika, mudzakhala ndi adilesi yatsopano ya IP mutatulutsa modemu, ndikudikirira mphindi zingapo ndikuyilumikizanso. Nthawi zina ISP imatha kupereka ma adilesi a IP omwewo mobwerezabwereza. Modemu ikakhala nthawi yayitali yosalumikizidwa, mwayi wanu wopeza IP yatsopano umakula. Koma izi sizingagwire ntchito ngati mukugwiritsa ntchito static IP, muyenera kusintha IP yanu pamanja.

Kodi kusamvana kwa IP ndi chiyani?

Maadiresi a IP olumikizidwa ku netiweki yomweyo ayenera kukhala apadera. Mkhalidwe womwe makompyuta pamaneti amodzi amadziwika ndi ma adilesi a IP omwewo amatchedwa "ip conflict". Ngati pali kusamvana kwa IP, chipangizocho sichingalumikizane ndi intaneti popanda mavuto. Mavuto okhudzana ndi intaneti amapezeka. Izi ziyenera kukonzedwa. Kulumikiza zida zosiyanasiyana ku netiweki ndikunyamula ma adilesi a IP omwewo kumabweretsa vuto ndipo izi zimabweretsa vuto la mikangano ya IP. Pakakhala kusamvana, zida sizingagwire ntchito pamaneti omwewo ndipo uthenga wolakwika umalandiridwa. Mikangano ya IP imathetsedwa ndikukhazikitsanso modemu kapena kugawanso IP pamanja. Zipangizo zomwe zili ndi ma adilesi apadera a IP zigwiranso ntchito popanda vuto.

Pakakhala kusamvana kwa IP, kuthetsa vutoli;

  • Mutha kuzimitsa rauta ndikuyatsa.
  • Mutha kuletsa ndikuyatsanso adaputala ya netiweki.
  • Mutha kuchotsa static IP.
  • Mutha kuletsa IPV6.